World Education Nepal produced a series of technical briefs to share key strategies, results and lessons learned from various aspects of the Sangai Sikaun, Sangai Badhaun (Learning & Growing Together) project. The first phase of Sangai Sikaun, Sangai Badhaun worked in severely disadvantaged communities with poor educational outcomes from 2012 t0 2016 and aimed to build a holistic education model in Nepal that enables marginalized children to complete a quality education up to Grade 8. In pursuit of this, the project focused on increasing access to and participation in quality Early Childhood Development classes; improving early grade reading and numeracy skills; improving subject teaching and student persistence in Grades 4-8; and, improving parents’ abilities to support their children’s learning.
At project conclusion, activities had improved learning outcomes for 13,000 students enrolled in Early Child Development to Grade 10 classes in 27 community schools, across three Village Development Committees in Banke and Dang districts. Dropout rates fell dramatically and attendance increased. Each technical brief in this series highlights strategies, results and lessons learned from a different area of the Sangai Sikaun, Sangai Badhaun project’s first phase. Collectively, these contributions add to a growing evidence of approaches that should shape policies that will change outcomes for Nepal’s least advantaged children. We look forward to expanding upon the learnings reported on our technical brief series in phase two of the Sangai Sikaun, Sangai Badhaun project.
Sangai Sikaun, Sangai Badhaun (Phase One) Technical Brief Series:
Each year, Nepal’s brick factories produce more than 5 million bricks – a number that has ballooned to enable reconstruction projects following the April 2015 earthquake. Increasing numbers of men, women and children find themselves in inescapable indebtedness, borrowing money to make ends meet in the immediate term in exchange for future work.
World Education Nepal’s Building Better Futures Initiative supports brick factory workers to break cycles of exploitative labor and overcome the oppressive conditions of intense manual labor and mistreatment they often experience. Using a holistic approach, World Education Nepal educates brick workers’ children, expands livelihood options and provides financial services to empower families to pursue new options for income generation. The Building Better Futures Initiative holds livelihood trainings and school enrollment so that hundreds of people like Shanti and Sharadha, whose stories you can read in this World Education photo story, are not resigned to a fate of dangerous labor in the brick factories. Join us in celebrating their achievements.
Since its start in 1976, World Education Nepal has been a leader in improving basic literacy for poor and marginalized groups in Nepal. Using a holistic approach, World Education Nepal has provided thousands of women and marginalized groups the foundation to build their own livelihoods through economic and literacy classes. This photo documentary shows some of the women and communities we have worked with in the Gulmi and Arghakhanchi districts. Literacy and economic classes make a difference for many Nepalis across the country, and this photostory is a testimony to this fact.
When Dikchhaya was a girl, she was forced to drop out of school because her parents could not afford her school fees. She entered a life of bonded labor, and then fought as a soldier during the armed conflict in Nepal. After the war, she struggled to earn enough money to feed her family and could not pay for her daughter to go to school.
Dikchhaya wants her daughter Liza to have a better life than she did.
World Education is working in Dikchhaya’s community to improve the overall quality of education, involve mothers in their children’s learning, and help mothers start small businesses to support their families. Dikchhaya joined a World Education mother’s group where she learned basic education and entrepreneurship skills. She took out a loan through the program to open her own small shop, selling snacks and supplies near a school, and pays Liza’s school fees with the income.
Now that Dikchhaya can afford to send Liza to school regularly, Liza’s grades are improving and she is learning to read. World Education also works with teachers, school management, and local governments to improve the quality of education for Liza and other students in Nepal. Liza and Dikchhaya are just two of the more than 120,000 Nepalese children and adults who benefited directly from World Education’s comprehensive learning programs in 2016.
In Nepal, teaching and learning reading in the early grades remains a significant challenge,with most primary school students unable to read at grade level. Although enrollment in public schools is high, drop-out and grade repetition are common-place. Teachers often resort to rote instruction methods, resulting in memorization rather than actual reading. World Education and its partners are working to strengthen early grade reading in the weakest public schools through learning assessments, teacher training, and the introduction of grade-appropriate reading materials and activities for early learners.
Worldwide, the use of child soldiers is seen as one of the worst forms of child labor; during the People’s War in Nepal, many children under the age of 18 became involved with different armed groups. This document highlights how World Education and its partners used community sensitization and reintegration activities to assist children who had been associated with armed forces or groups. This booklet also identifies the most successful approaches and the major challenges faced by children returning to school or those in vocational training and apprenticeships. Part of a series that comprises the final report funded by the U.S. Department of Labor.
The end of the civil war in Nepal brought an explosion of the adult entertainment sector and, as a result, an increase in the number of children being sexually exploited. This report provides background information about the child trafficking situation in Nepal and highlights ways that the program worked to withdraw girls from the adult entertainment industry and reintegrate them into schools. The booklet also identifies successful approaches for working with victims, ways to attract students into education programs, major challenges faced by victims, and complimentary services available to victims as safety resources. Part of a series that comprises the final report funded by the U.S. Department of Labor.
Rapid population growth and increased urbanization in Nepal have created a demand for brick workers. Many of these workers are migrant children whose families have moved from rural areas in search of work. This booklet presents an overview of the child labor situation in the brick industry, as well as strategies being implemented to address the situation. World Education’s work through program to address this aspect of child labor includes nonformal education, vocational education, parent teacher associations, and support to attend formal schools. Challenges and lessons learned in each of these areas are also presented. Part of a series that comprises the final report funded by the U.S. Department of Labor.
Child porters are those who carry loads for income. These children, typically the poorest of the poor, are often encouraged to miss school and carry heavy loads in order to earn extra cash to support their families. This report highlights World Education’s efforts through the program to assist children working in portering. The booklet includes context, nonformal, formal and vocational education support provided, challenges, lessons learned, and best practices/recommendations. Part of a series that comprises the final report funded by the U.S. Department of Labor.